How do you treat vain 3?
Stage 0 (also called VAIN 3 or carcinoma in situ [CIS])
The usual treatment options are laser vaporization, local excision, or intracavitary radiation (brachytherapy). Topical therapy with 5-FU cream or imiquimod is also an option, but this often means treatment at least weekly for about 10 weeks.
How rare is vain?
Primary invasive carcinoma of the vagina is rare, accounting for less than 3 percent of malignant tumors of the female genital tract. Overall, VAIN is relatively rare. It is far less common than cervical or vulvar dysplasia.
How common is vain after hysterectomy?
Results: VaIN was found in 81 patients after hysterectomy (incidence rate, 0.9%).
Is vaginal dysplasia cancerous?
Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VaIN), or vaginal dysplasia, is a condition in which abnormal cells in the vagina can become cancer in some people. These abnormal cells are often found with cervical dysplasia, also known as cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), a precancerous lesion of the cervix.
Can VAIN be cured?
VAIN is not cancer. In some women, it goes away without treatment. But if the changes become more severe, there is a chance that vaginal cancer may develop after many years.
What is abnormal cells in the vagina?
Atypical cells in the vagina called vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia. Being diagnosed with vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VAIN) increases your risk of vaginal cancer. With VAIN, cells in the vagina appear different from normal cells, but not different enough to be considered cancer.
Is precancerous considered malignant?
It’s important to emphasize again that cells that are precancerous are not cancer cells. This means that left alone, they’re not invasive—that is, they will not spread to other regions of the body. They are simply abnormal cells that could, in time, undergo changes that would transform them into cancer cells.
Why do you get Pap smears?
The Pap test (or Pap smear) looks for precancers, cell changes on the cervix that might become cervical cancer if they are not treated appropriately. The HPV test looks for the virus (human papillomavirus) that can cause these cell changes.
Will removing the cervix cure HPV?
Unfortunately, once you have been infected with HPV, there is no treatment that can cure it or eliminate the virus from your system. A hysterectomy removes the cervix, which means that the risk of developing cervical cancer because of persistent HPV infection will essentially be eliminated.
What is VAIN hysterectomy?
Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VaIN) represents a rare and asymptomatic pre-neoplastic lesion. Its natural history and potential evolution into invasive cancer are uncertain. VaIN can occur alone or as a synchronous or metachronous lesion with cervical and vulvar HPV-related intra epithelial or invasive neoplasia.
What is VAIN II?
VAIN 2 means the abnormal cells are in two thirds of the thickness of the vagina lining. VAIN 3 means the full thickness of the lining of the vagina has abnormal cells.