What is exfoliative cytology?
Exfoliative cytology is a non‐invasive test that uses the Tzanck smear technique to identify disease by examining the structure of cells obtained from scraped samples.
What are the application of exfoliative cytology?
Exfoliative cytology is a simple non-aggressive technique that is well accepted by the patient, and that is therefore an attractive option for the early diagnosis of oral cancer, including epithelial atypias and especially squamous cell carcinoma.
Why is exfoliative cytology important?
Exfoliative cytology may act as an important diagnostic aid in early oral carcinomas with ulcerated surfaces, even in some clinically unsuspected cases malignancy can be detected. In multiple or extensive lesions the selection of the most suitable site for the biopsy is possible.
Exfoliative cytology, or the Papanicolaou (Pap) test, is an easily performed, noninvasive, and inexpensive procedure to screen for preinvasive and invasive cervical cancer. Women commonly seek gynecologic wellness care annually in order to receive the Pap test.
How many types of cytology are there?
There are two main branches of cytology. There are those involved with the assessment of pre-cancerous and, occasionally, cancerous, changes of the cervix (mouth of the womb) such as in cervical cancer screening, which are generally referred to as gynaecological cytology.
What is imprint cytology?
Imprint cytology is a well-recognised simple technique for preparing a surgical specimen for pathological assessment. The excised SLN is sent fresh to the pathologist who processes it immediately. The cut surfaces are pressed onto a glass slide, which is then fixed and stained.
What is fluid cytology?
A cytology exam of pleural fluid is a laboratory test to detect cancer cells and certain other cells in the area that surrounds the lungs. This area is called the pleural space. Cytology means the study of cells.
What are the specimen for exfoliative cytology?
Respiratory/exfoliative cytology, which includes bronchial washing, sputum, bronchoalveolar lavage, and bronchial brushing cytology. Those are commonly used to detect pulmonary infections and malignancies.
Which of the following is cytological fixative?
Ethyl alcohol (95%) is the most commonly used fixative in cytology.