What kind of cancer gene is TP53?


What type of gene is TP53?

Mutations (changes) in the p53 gene may cause cancer cells to grow and spread in the body. These changes have been found in a genetic condition called Li-Fraumeni syndrome and in many types of cancer. The p53 gene is a type of tumor suppressor gene. Also called TP53 gene and tumor protein p53 gene.

Does everyone have the TP53 gene?

Everyone has two copies of the TP53 gene, which we randomly inherit from each of our parents. Mutations in one copy of the TP53 gene can increase the chance for you to develop certain types of cancer in your lifetime. People with TP53 mutations have Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS).

What cancer is TP53?

The most frequent cancers associated with TP53 mutations are breast cancer, bone and soft tissue sarcomas, brain tumors and adrenocortical carcinomas (ADC) (Wong et al., 2006). Other less frequent cancers include leukemia, stomach cancer and colorectal cancer.

What is TP53 gene mutation?

Somatic TP53 gene mutations are common in ovarian cancer, occurring in almost half of ovarian tumors. These mutations result in a p53 protein that is less able to control cell proliferation. Specifically, it is unable to trigger apoptosis in cells with mutated or damaged DNA.

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What cancers is p53 associated with?

P53 mutations associated with breast, colorectal, liver, lung, and ovarian cancers. Environ Health Perspect.

Where is the TP53 gene located?

The TP53 gene is located on chromosome 17. The Tp53 protein is a negative regulator of cell proliferation and a positive regulator of apoptosis in response to DNA damaging agents. TP53 is the most common mutated gene associated with human cancer.

What is the check 2 gene?

CHEK2 is a tumor-suppressor gene that protects cells from becoming cancerous. People who inherit mutations in the gene are at increased for certain types of cancer and may benefit from more frequent screening.

How common is TP53 mutation?

Thus, TP53 germline mutations may be more common than previously recognized, occurring in about 1 in 5,000 to 1 in 20,000 births (Lalloo et al.

Is p53 mutation inherited?

LFS is a hereditary genetic condition. This means that the cancer risk can be passed from generation to generation in a family. This condition is most commonly caused by a mutation (alteration) in a gene called TP53, which is the genetic blueprint for a protein called p53.

How often is p53 mutated in cancer?

The p53 gene contains homozygous mutations in ~50–60% of human cancers. About 90% of these mutations encode missense mutant proteins that span ~190 different codons localized in the DNA-binding domain of the gene and protein.

What is Li-Fraumeni syndrome in cancer?

Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is an inherited familial predisposition to a wide range of certain, often rare, cancers. This is due to a change (mutation) in a tumor suppressor gene known as TP53.

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Is p53 associated with hereditary cancers?

The majority of sporadic cancers exhibit loss of p53 activity due to mutations or deletions of TP53, and alterations in its signaling pathway. Germline TP53 mutations have been identified in a group of families exhibiting a rare but highly penetrant familial cancer syndrome, called the Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS).