What type of cancer affects the thyroid?

What is the most common cancer of the thyroid?

Types of thyroid cancer

  • papillary carcinoma – the most common type, accounting for about 8 in 10 cases; it usually affects people under 40, particularly women.
  • follicular carcinoma – accounts for up to 1 in 10 cases and tends to affect middle-aged adults, particularly women.

What are the warning signs of thyroid cancer?

Signs and Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer

  • A lump in the neck, sometimes growing quickly.
  • Swelling in the neck.
  • Pain in the front of the neck, sometimes going up to the ears.
  • Hoarseness or other voice changes that do not go away.
  • Trouble swallowing.
  • Trouble breathing.
  • A constant cough that is not due to a cold.

What is thyroid cancer called?

Papillary carcinoma is the most common type of thyroid cancer, accounting for approximately 80 percent of cases. Papillary carcinomas are slow-growing, differentiated cancers that develop from follicular cells and can develop in one or both lobes of the thyroid gland.

What is the main cause of thyroid cancer?

The cause of thyroid cancer is unknown, but certain risk factors have been identified and include a family history of goiter, exposure to high levels of radiation, and certain hereditary syndromes.

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Does thyroid cancer show up in blood tests?

Blood tests. Blood tests are not used to find thyroid cancer. But they can help show if your thyroid is working normally, which may help the doctor decide what other tests may be needed.

At what age do thyroid problems start?

The disease is hereditary and may develop at any age in men or women, but it’s much more common in women ages 20 to 30, according to the Department of Health and Human Services .

Do you need chemo for thyroid cancer?

Chemotherapy is seldom helpful for most types of thyroid cancer, but fortunately it is not needed in most cases. It is often combined with external beam radiation therapy for anaplastic thyroid cancer and is sometimes used for other advanced cancers that no longer respond to other treatments.

Can thyroid cancer be completely cured?

Most thyroid cancers can be cured, especially if they have not spread to distant parts of the body. If the cancer can’t be cured, the goal of treatment may be to remove or destroy as much of the cancer as possible and to keep it from growing, spreading, or returning for as long as possible.

Where Does thyroid cancer spread first?

In 10 (38.5%) patients distant metastasis beyond the regional lymph nodes was the first sign of thyroid cancer. In (50%) patients metastasis was located in the bones, in 2 (20%) in the lung, in 1 (10%) in the heart, in 1 (10%) in the buttock, and in 1 (10%) in a central neck cyst.

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