What causes vision loss after pituitary surgery?
Background: Delayed visual deterioration after pituitary surgery has been attributed to secondary empty sella syndrome and downward herniation of the optic nerves and chiasm, but the pathophysiological basis of this condition is still a matter of debate.
What happens after pituitary tumor removal?
It can take up to 6 weeks to fully recover. The cuts the doctor made (incisions) may be sore for about 5 days after surgery. You may also have numbness and shooting pains near your wound, or swelling and bruising around your eyes. As your wound starts to heal, it may start to itch.
Can a pituitary tumor cause blindness?
A pituitary tumor can cause havoc on your body by causing it to secrete too much or too little of the hormones it regulates. A pituitary adenoma may also pinch or compress the optic nerves associated with sight, causing some vision loss or total blindness.
Do pituitary tumors grow back after surgery?
Complete removal of a tumor is the desired goal. However, a minority of patients with pituitary tumor will have a recurrence of the tumor. Approximately 16% of patients with a non functioning tumor will have a tumor recurrence within 10 years and 10% require additional treatment (surgery, pituitary radiation).
Can a pituitary tumor change your personality?
Personality changes are also common when a pituitary tumour causes the pituitary gland to over- or under-produce hormones. This can affect your emotions and cause changes in your sex drive. Larger tumours can have a greater effect on personality, as they generally affect a greater area of the brain.
Can you live a normal life with a pituitary tumor?
In general, when a pituitary tumor is not cured, people live out their lives but may have to deal with problems caused by the tumor or its treatment, such as vision problems or hormone levels that are too high or too low.
What can you not do after pituitary surgery?
You must avoid blowing your nose for two weeks after surgery. This is to avoid putting pressure directly on the healing operation site. Avoid sneezing if possible, but if in the event you have to sneeze, try and do this through your open mouth with your nose uncovered.
Can you lose weight with a pituitary tumor?
Pituitary tumors can cause fatigue, unexplained weight loss or weight gain, and, in extreme cases, blindness.
What is the survival rate for pituitary tumor?
The 5-year survival rate for people with a pituitary gland tumor is 97%. Survival rates depend on the type of tumor, the person’s age, and other factors.
Can an eye doctor tell if you have a pituitary tumor?
If a pituitary tumor is strongly suspected, your doctor may refer you to an eye doctor to check your vision, as pituitary tumors can damage nerves leading to the eyes. The most common test is to measure how well you can see. The doctor may also test your field of vision (or visual fields).
Does pituitary tumor show up in blood work?
Blood tests help doctors detect many hormonal abnormalities associated with pituitary tumors. For example, a blood test can reveal high levels of the hormone prolactin, which occurs in a condition called hyperprolactinemia. This can indicate the presence of a pituitary tumor called a prolactinoma.